The University of California and California State University systems have suffered severe budget cuts in recent years. Due to enrollment constraints, some community college students have had to wait years to get into a UC or CSU campus. Sensing opportunity, many private and out-of-state public institutions have stepped up their recruitment of California community college students. But transfer relationships between the state’s community colleges and the UC and CSU systems are traditionally strong, and observers have been left to speculate whether any relative outsiders have been successful in luring students from the traditional transfer path. Now, research from the second-largest community college district in California suggests that private and out-of-state public institutions may be out-recruiting the UC and CSU systems in their own backyards.