Who Decides on Transfer Credit?

A longstanding complaint of students who transfer from community colleges to four-year institutions is that the 2+2 model quickly turns into 2+3 or 2+4 or 2+dropping out, when many of the credits earned before transfer are rejected or cant fulfill key requirements. At the City University of New York, an administration plan to deal with this issue has many professors at four-year institutions saying that their rights to guard curricular quality are being endangered. Who Decides on Transfer Credit?